Istanbul Rumeli Fortress, also known as Rumeli Hisari or Rumelihisari in Turkish, is a historic fortress on the European side of Istanbul, Turkey, along the Bosphorus Strait. It is one of the prominent landmarks in Istanbul and holds historical and architectural significance.
Here are some highlights of the Rumeli Fortress:
- Historical Importance: The Rumeli Fortress was built by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II in 1452, just before the famous Siege of Constantinople, which marked the end of the Byzantine Empire and the beginning of the Ottoman Empire. The fortress played a crucial role in the siege as it helped the Ottomans control and blocked the Bosphorus, cutting off supplies and reinforcements to Constantinople and leading to its eventual conquest by the Ottomans.
- Architecture: The Rumeli Fortress is an impressive example of medieval military architecture, with massive stone walls, towers, and battlements. The fortress has three main buildings: the central tower called the Halil Pasha Tower, the Saruca Pasha Tower, and the Zaganos Pasha Tower. The walls of the fortress are approximately 250 meters long and up to 15 meters high, with three main gates and several smaller openings.
- Panoramic Views: The Rumeli Fortress offers panoramic views of the Bosphorus Strait and the surrounding areas. Visitors can climb to the top of the fortress walls and towers to enjoy breathtaking views of the Bosphorus, including the Bosphorus Bridge, the Maiden’s Tower, and the Anatolian side of Istanbul. It’s an excellent spot for photography and taking in the scenic beauty of Istanbul.
- Museum and Events: The Rumeli Fortress is now a museum and cultural venue, hosting various events and exhibitions. The museum showcases historical artifacts, weapons, and displays related to the fortress’s history and the Ottoman Empire. In addition, the fort hosts cultural events such as concerts, theater performances, and festivals, making it a vibrant cultural hub in Istanbul.
- Outdoor Activities: The area around the Rumeli Fortress is popular for outdoor activities. Visitors can take a leisurely walk along the fortress walls or relax in the gardens while enjoying the views of the Bosphorus. The surrounding area also offers opportunities for picnicking, hiking, and enjoying the waterfront promenade.
- Accessible Location: The Rumeli Fortress is conveniently located and easily accessible from various parts of Istanbul. It is located near the neighborhoods of Besiktas and Sariyer and can be reached by public transportation such as buses, ferries, or taxis. It is also often included in Bosphorus cruises, allowing visitors to combine a visit to the fortress with a scenic cruise along the Bosphorus.
The Rumeli Fortress is a significant historical landmark in Istanbul, offering a glimpse into the city’s rich history and architecture. It’s a must-visit destination for history buffs, architecture enthusiasts, and those seeking panoramic views of the Bosphorus and Istanbul’s beauty.
Why should we visit Istanbul Rumeli Fortress?
Rumeli Fortress, located in the narrowest part of the Bosphorus, is a great historical site in Istanbul. Built-in the 15th century by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, the fortress played a significant role in the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottomans in 1453. Visiting the fort provides an opportunity to experience history firsthand and enjoy the stunning view of the Bosphorus. Additionally, various guided tours and cruises offer the chance to see Rumeli Fortress from the sea and learn about its history and significance.
If you want to visit Rumeli fortress, some of our Bosphorus tours by boat have one hour break at Rumeli fortress! We have several timings and options that will satisfy you and make a good memory of Istanbul for you.